Murrawah Johnson, an Indigenous woman leader and campaigner with the Wangan and Jagalingou People’s Family Council, puts into historical context the Indigenous resistance to the Adani Carmichael mine and other oil and gas projects. She argues that the 229 years of Australian state history can be understood as a struggle over land and land rights, with Black Resistance as a powerful force that has always contexted the dispossession of Indigenous lands and continues to do so in resisting fossil fuel extraction. A new generation of young Indigenous activists and organizers are taking up the task of defending their natural heritage. Photo credit: Murrawah Johnson