This article describes the successes of Indigenous peoples across in Latin America. Since the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, this article recognizes the strong leadership of Indigenous women who have stood at the front lines of many of these achievements and celebrate the Indigenous communities that have defended their lands from mega-dam and mining projects. However, it also highlights that despite this progress, Indigenous people must still fight to protect their rights, their lands, and their cultures. Photo credit: UNDESA-DSPD/Jimmy Kruglinski